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​Anxiety

Evidence-based Overviews    |    Prevention or Disease Remission    |    Treatment and Self-Managment

Associated Conditions    |    Related CIRPD Webinars    |    Videos and Podcasts    |    Decision Aids and Toolkits 

Work Accommodation    |    Anxiety Organizations    |    Recommended Books    |    British Columbia Resources    

We all experience some degree of anxiety in our lives from time to time. In fact, anxiety can be useful, for example in alerting your mind to real risks. For someone with an anxiety disorder, however, the anxiety does not go away and can get worse over time. Anxiety disorders interfere with normal living, and they tend not to go away without treatment. These feelings can interfere with daily activities such as job performance, school work, and relationships. Whereas depression is characterized by predominant feelings of hopelessness, anxiety is characterized by predominant feelings of helplessness.

Anxiety disorders are estimated to affect 7% of the global population. In Canada estimates are between 10.5% - 12%.  However, people living with chronic physical health conditions experience depression and anxiety at twice the rate of the general population. Women with anxiety tend to be affected – or to seek treatment - more than twice as much as men. Older adults (55 years plus) are 20% less likely to have anxiety compared with younger adults (35–54 years)

There are six main Anxiety Disorders. These include: Social Anxiety Disorder, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Panic Disorder with or without Agoraphobia, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Specific Phobia, Generalized Anxiety Disorder. Children and youth may also experience Separation Anxiety.

Treatment can involve medicines, therapy or both.

There are resources and tools that can help you to keep anxiety at bay in spite of your chronic pain.

Evidence-based Overviews 

  
Sponsor Organization
Neuralgia
MedLinePlus, National Institutes of Health (US)
The Relationship between Mental Health, Mental Illness and Chronic Physical Conditions
Canadian Mental Health Association
What Are Anxiety Disorders?
National Institute of Mental Health - National Institutes of Health (US)

Prevention or Disease Remission   

Stress reduction

Some activities that can help to lower stress levels include:

  • Exercise
  • Breathing techniques
  • Progressive muscle relaxation
  • Guided imagery
  • Mindfulness
  • Journaling
  • Social activities with family and friends

Learn more about stress reduction, and access helpful stress reduction tools and resources

See more tips on Anxiety Treatment Options:  Self-Management.

Associated Conditions   

Depression - People living with chronic physical health conditions experience depression and anxiety at twice the rate of the general population.  View our depression page for more information, and for resources and tools that can help you to manage depression symptoms.

​Related CIRPD Webinars   

URL
  

Mindfulness for Cancer Survivors Living with Chronic Neuropathic Pain​

Patricia Poulin, Ph.D., C.Psych.
Jonathan Bertram, MD
Afton L. Hassett, Psy.D.
Robert Gatchel, PhD
Mel Pohl, M.D. DFASAM
Tamar Pincus, PhD
Toby Newton-John, PhD
Wesley Buch Ph.D., R. Psych
John (Drew) Sturgeon, PhD
Ken Craig, PhD
Susan Holtzman, R Psych
Connie Davis, MN, ARNP, RN
Linda Turner, RN, PhD
Matt Graham, PhD
Ingrid Fedoroff Ph.D., R.Psych.
Neil Pearson, PT, MSc,  BA-BPHE, CYT, ERYT500
Joti Samra R. Psych
Linda Turner RN, PhD

Videos and Podcasts   

  
Sponsor Organization
CIRPD webinars – Chronic Pain and Mental Health
Canadian Institute for the Relief of Pain and Disability
CIRPD webinars - Self-Management
Canadian Institute for the Relief of Pain and Disability
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy – Real Stories
Anxiety BC
Mindfulness Webinars
Canadian Institute for the Relief of Pain and Disability
More webinar videos on anxiety and depression from the Anxiety and Depression Association of America
Anxiety and Depression Association of America
Webinar - Anxiety: Don't Try Harder, Try Different
Anxiety and Depression Association of America
Webinar - Exercise Against Anxiety and Depression
Anxiety and Depression Association of America
Webinar - Medication for Anxiety: Benefits and Side Effects
Anxiety and Depression Association of America

​Decision Aids and Toolkits  

  
Sponsor Organization
A Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Workbook
Canadian Psychological Association Fact Sheet: Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Canadian Psychological Association
Canadian Psychological Association Fact Sheet: Health Anxiety
Canadian Psychological Association
Canadian Psychological Association Fact Sheet: Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Canadian Psychological Association
Canadian Psychological Association Fact Sheet: Panic Disorder
Canadian Psychological Association
Canadian Psychological Association Fact Sheet: Phobias
Canadian Psychological Association
Handbook of Adult Resilience - History of the research on resilience
Identifying Values Worksheet
Psychology Tools
Living Beyond Your Pain: Using Acceptance and Commitment Therapy to Ease Chronic Pain
Managing Chronic Pain: A Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Approach Workbook
Mindshift
Anxiety BC
Mood GYM
Centre for Mental Health Research - Australian National University
Psychology Tools
Self-Help – Managing Anxiety [adults]
Anxiety BC
Stress Tips Smartphone App
Anxiety UK

​Work Accommodation Information 

  
Sponsor Organization
CIRPD Webinars - Workplace Mental Health
Canadian Institute for the Relief of Pain and Disability
Guarding Minds at Work
Centre for Applied Research in Mental Health and Addiction (CARMHA), Simon Fraser University
If you are an employer, learn about creating an environment for workplace mental health by reading more about disability prevention at your workplace.
Canadian Institute for the Relief of Pain and Disability
Mental Illness and Substance Use in the Workplace
BC Partners for Mental Health and Addictions
What Makes a Workplace Stressful?
Stanford University (BeWell@Stanford)
Workplace Stress
Mood Disorders Society of Canada

​Anxiety and Mental Health Organizations 

  
Anxiety and Depression Association of America
Anxiety BC
Anxiety Disorders Association of Canada
Anxiety Disorders Association of Manitoba
Anxiety Disorders Association of Ontario
BC Directory of Health Researchers and Trainees
British Columbia Psychological Association
Canadian Mental Health Association
Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatments: An
Heart and Stroke Foundation of BC and Yukon
Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction - BC Chapter (MBSRBC)
Mood Disorders Association of BC
Mood Disorders Association of Manitoba
Mood Disorders Association of Ontario
Richmond Mental Health Consumer and Friends Society (RCFC)

Recommended Books 

  • Don't let your Emotions Run Your Life - By Scott Spradlin
  • A Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Workbook - By Bob Stahl and Elisha Goldstein
  • The Dialectical Behavior Therapy Skills Workbook - By Matthew McKay, Jeffrey Wood, and Jeffrey Brantley
  • The Mindfulness and Acceptance Workbook for Anxiety - By John Forsyth and Georg Eifert
  • Calming the Rush of Panic - By Bob Stahl and Wendy Millstine
  • The Worry Trap - By Chad Lejeune
  • ACT on Life not on Anger - By Georg Eifert, Matthew McKay and John Forsyth

Further recommended readings (including for specific anxiety disorders) – MacAnxiety Research Centre, McMaster University

British Columbia Resources 

  • Mental Health Information Line - provides taped information on provincial mental health programs as well as symptoms, causes, treatment, support groups and publications relating to a number of mental illnesses. This is a 24 hour line.  1-800-661-2121   Vancouver: (604) 669-7600
  • Helping a Loved One Access Help – video provides tips for accessing BC resources to help a loved one – Mood Disorders Association of BC

References

Anxiety Overview

Anxiety Statistics

Reviewed by: Marc White PhD, Scientific & Executive Director, CIRPD 

Last Modified: 8/4/2016 11:12 AM

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